NURS-FPX4030 Assessment 2: Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

Criteria for Determining Credibility of Sources

There is massive information on nurse burnout prevention in health care settings. Also, information on the link between nurse burnout and medication errors is extensive from many sources such as books, journal articles, research dissertations, and websites. Health care providers must use credible information, which usually comes from scholarly, peer-reviewed sources (Oerther & Watson, 2019). The CRAAP (currency, relevance, authority, accuracy, and purpose) test is the primary determinant of credible sources. Primary factors to consider when using the CRAAP test include the timeliness, source, reliability, and correctness of the information (Central Michigan University Library, 2021). For journal articles, sources should be currently published and from reliable nursing databases. The level of evidence should be high, including systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The article can also be appraised by a short abstract review, particularly in quantitative research. An abstract is an article’s resume containing the introduction, research questions, methods, findings, and conclusion (Cathala & Moorley, 2018). For websites, credibility is determined by examining the publisher. Websites with credible nursing information should be from authoritative institutions or government publications.

Credibility and Relevance of Evidence within the Context of Medication Errors

As mentioned earlier, the most practical intervention for preventing medication errors is nurse burnout. Many research articles passing the CRAAP test address nurse burnout from multiple dimensions. For instance, De Oliveira et al. (2019) conducted an integrating literature review to prevent nurses’ burnout syndrome. Recommended practices include basic nursing care and systematic nursing supervision. In a different study, Manomenidis et al. (2019) examined how job burnout prevents nurses from complying with practice protocols, increasing patient safety risks. Shah et al. (2018) advised health care settings to ensure there is adequate staff and limit the number of working hours to alleviate burnout. These sources can be used to address nurse burnout since they are credible based on the CRAAP test. Besides being current and relevant to the topic, they are authoritative sources published in scholarly journals.

Incorporating Credible Evidence into an Evidence-Based Practice Model

Although there is adequate research on preventing medication errors by reducing nurse burnout, its integration into practice must be systematic. Incorporating credible evidence into an EBP model implies that the evidence will be incorporated into practice through a systematic process with detailed steps. A suitable example of an EBP model is the John Hopkins Medicine nursing model. The model has three fundamental steps: the practice question, evidence, and translation to practice (Upstate Medical University, 2021). The model could help address burnout by guiding nurses on generating a practice question, evidence search, and translation into practice in three basic steps. Integration into practice leads to outcomes’ improvement.


Issues hampering care quality and patient safety are inevitable in health care delivery. However, their magnitude can be significantly reduced by embracing EBP and using current, peer-reviewed evidence to guide practice change. A similar approach is needed to prevent nurse burnout to ensure that nurses are mentally, physically, and emotionally healthy to handle patient problems expertly. Ensuring that all evidence used to recommend practice changes is credible is crucial. The CRAAP test can be used to determine the credibility of journal articles. Websites should be from established and authoritative educational and government institutions.


Cathala, X., & Moorley, C. (2018). How to appraise quantitative research. Evidence-Based Nursing21(4), 99-101.

Central Michigan University Library. (2021). Website research: CRAAP test.

De Oliveira, S. M., de Alcantara Sousa, L. V., Vieira Gadelha, M., & do Nascimento, V. B. (2019). Prevention actions of burnout syndrome in nurses: An integrating literature review. Clinical practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH15, 64–73.

Manomenidis, G., Panagopoulou, E., & Montgomery, A. (2019). Job burnout reduces hand hygiene compliance among nursing staff. Journal of Patient Safety15(4), e70-e73. doi: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000435

Oerther, S., & Watson, R. (2019). Emerging nursing scholars guide to peer reviewing an academic manuscript. Nursing Open6(4), 1284-1288.

Shah, M. K., Gandrakota, N., Cimiotti, J. P., Ghose, N., Moore, M., & Ali, M. K. (2021). Prevalence of and factors associated with nurse burnout in the US. JAMA Network Open4(2), e2036469-e2036469. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.36469

Soósová, M. S. (2021). Association between nurses’ burnout, hospital patient safety climate and quality of nursing care. Cent. Eur. J. Nurs. Midw12, 245-256. doi: 10.15452/CEJNM.2021.12.0039

Upstate Medical University. (2021). Johns Hopkins nursing evidence-based practice.

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