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What are H.L.A. Hart’s specific five criticisms of Austin’s theory of Law?

What are H.L.A. Hart’s specific five criticisms of Austin’s theory of Law?

Question 1 (10 points)

In the 2004 Amselem case, the Supreme Court of Canada introduced the “sincere belief’ standard for determining when our Charter-protected right to freedom of religion right may be invoked.

a.  What does the court mean by “sincere belief”?

b.  How do the courts test for “sincere belief’?

 

c.  Provide one example (either from the readings, Modules, or of your own invention) of an instance where you believe an appellant would fail the test for sincere belief, and another example where you believe an appellant would pass. Please explain why in both instances.

 

Question 2 (10 points)

With reference to Rodriguez v. Attorney General ofBritish Columbia, present a key legal/philosophical principle on both sides of the split decision (one principle for each side), and explain how those two principles were decisive in reaching their respective conclusions on the matter at hand (namely, the decriminalization of medical aid in dying, MAID).

Question 3 (10 points)

Section 1 of the Canadian Charter ofRights and Freedoms confirms that the rights listed in that document are guaranteed, subject “only to such reasonable limits prescribed by law as can be demonstrably justified in a free and democratic society.” Subsequently, the Supreme Court developed the Oakes Test in order to decide the scope and limits of those justifiable limitations.

a.  Explain, generally, what (by way of the Oakes Test) the Court is tasked with determining in cases of an established infringement of a Charter-protected right?

b.  What are the different parts of the Oakes Test, and what is meant to be determined at each of its stages?

Provide a brief example (one either discussed in the course, or one of your own) of how the Oakes Test could be used to determine when such state infringements of Charter-protected rights may be justified under the Charter.

Question 4 (10 points)

H.L.A Hart defines law as “the union of primary and secondary rules.”

a.  What are primary rules and what are secondary rules — and what is the difference between them?

b. What are the three different kinds of secondary rules? Explain what each entails.

For Hart, each of the secondary rules address a specific issue. What issue does each of them solve and why, on those terms, are each of these secondary rules crucial for the proper 

Question 5 (10 points)

 

With reference to Bedford v. Canada (and the decision regarding the decriminalization of activities related to prostitution), explain how feminist legal theory could be applied on both sides of the debate (both for and against decriminalization). Be sure to begin by explaining, in general terms, what feminist legal theory is.

Question 6 (10 points)

In On Liberty, John Stuart Mill describes “the nature and limits of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual” and offers, by way of response, what has become known as the Harm Principle?

a.  What is Mill’s version of the Harm Principle?

b.  Define legal moralism and legal paternalism, and explain how the Harm Principle is designed specifically to address and avoid the risks of both?

Question 7 (10 points)

a. In your own words, what is John Austin’s definition or concept of law?

b. What are H.L.A. Hart’s specific 5 (five) criticisms of Austin’s theory of Law? (Identity and briefly explain each of 5 (five) criticisms.)

What are H.L.A. Hart’s specific five criticisms of Austin’s theory of Law?

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Red Rye beer (The Hook Norton brewery) expanding business in Brazil- Global Marketing Plan

 

Red Rye beer (The Hook Norton brewery) expanding business in Brazil- Global Marketing Plan

 

Task

Global Marketing Plan addressed to the CEO of your chosen of UK SME company for one distinct physical product (not an entire company, brand or entire product range) completely new to market in one of: Brazil, Czech Republic, Nigeria, Turkey and Vietnam. (It must be approved by your tutor prior to the compulsory formative assessment.)

 

The global marketing plan must contain a clear sales objective for the first year a minimum of £50,000 in gross sales and a costed promotional budget (e.g. £30,000) and a projection of any surplus or deficit for the marketing plan at the end of year one. 

The plan must state and explain how these objective will be achieved from a marketing function perspective from the various options and choices that are available to marketers.  

1.            What is to be achieved for the SME? – Business objectives. (100 words)

2.            Which country market and why? – Country screening. (200) Detailed screening of top two countries from the six available? 

3.            Which market segments? – STP (400)

4.            How marketing will help achieve the business objectives? – Marketing Objectives (100)

5.            How will you bring the product to the new market? – Entry Mode Selection (400)

6.            How will you compete and generate customer value? – Detailed Extended Global Marketing Mix (1000)

7.            How much will the promotional element of the mix cost? Will the SME make or lose money in year 1? – Global Marketing Budget (300)

 

 

Students are advised not to include a PESTLE or SWOT or Porters 5 forces analysis as these strategy techniques are too high level and use too many words of the word count

You have MACS.

The marketing plan is to be action orientated and detailed, not a general report i.e. statements such as “it is very important to set a price” but not actually decide the actual price are not sufficient in a Level 5/6 assignment where business readiness must be demonstrated.  

Students are advised to use diagrams, tables and spreadsheets to support their plan (it also saves on word count).

Do not cut and paste from lecture notes and websites etc., it doesn’t demonstrate understanding. All references will be checked during the marking process and should be related to the taught syllabus. 

 

Marking Scheme (100%) divided as follows:

1.  Application of accurately referenced decision orientated principles of Global Marketing drawn from the module syllabus. (30%)

Students should review, list and reference the main principles covered in the syllabus e.g. the

Hollensen, Keegan and MacDonald texts, the journal papers and the several seminar cases studies.  

 

2.  Use secondary data to support your decisions. (30%)

Your decisions should be supported by primary and/or secondary data marketing research. Many students lose marks here by not providing data to support their plan.  The university provides access to several up-to-date professional market research databases e.g. Mintel.  A quick Google search will not suffice for a CEO expecting a business ready report.  

 

3.  Critical evaluation of your decisions. (30%)

You must reflect upon (think about) and assess your options (e.g. the mode of entry, your price, the promotional mix, etc.) your decisions and judgments. 

 

4.  Logical structure (a marketing plan), clear use of English, accurate referencing of books and journal articles and use of word limit, and correct clear font. (10%)  

 

Reference your Paper

 

Red Rye beer (The Hook Norton brewery) expanding business in Brazil- Global Marketing Plan

Assessment_Brief GM_Cost_and_Price_Escalation_Calculator_2019_Hollensen_Domestic_Price_vs_Modes_of_Entry GM_Margin_and_Marketing_Promotion_Budget_Calculator_2019 How_to_make_Global_Marketing_Plan Global_Marketing_Plan_Tip

 

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You have been instructed by your client to produce a report demonstrating your understanding of the client project through the use of secondary research. You are not required to provide a set of solutions to the client’s problem at this stage.

You have been instructed by your client to produce a report demonstrating your understanding of the client project through the use of secondary research. You are not required to provide a set of solutions to the client’s problem at this stage. 

Using the client project brief which you have been allocated, answer all three of the questions below. Ensure work is supported with evidence from research (academic theory and company research) A brief introduction and conclusion is also required which is included in the word count. Word count is 1,500

1. Clarify who your client is, and what is the problem they are facing 

2. Using research, break the problem down by critically analysing and presenting areas of importance to the client such as competitors, target customer market and influencing factors from the external environment 

3. From your above analysis, what are the top three issues that the client is facing?

This assignment has been designed to provide you with an opportunity to demonstrate your achievement of the following module learning outcome: 

LO 3 Critically analyse a range of secondary business research sources with application to the client’s business

Your report should aim for 1500 words, (+ or 10%) INCLUDING INTRODUCTION AND CONCLUSIONS. Please note carefully that tables, diagrams, or additional words contained in text boxes within the body of the report WILL be considered part of the word count. A maximum 2 sides of A4 only is allowed for the Appendices (apart from the list of references). Appendices can include tables and charts.

 

You have been instructed by your client to produce a report demonstrating your understanding of the client project through the use of secondary research. You are not required to provide a set of solutions to the client’s problem at this stage.

 

BM561_CW1_Research_Report__2020-21 i_think_this_is_the_project_brief__1_

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The Case of Brunel Engine Components

The Case of Brunel Engine Components

 Brunel is an independently owned company, mass producing parts for car engines at its plant in the north-east of England. It employs 200 people in total, comprising 150 semi-skilled production workers, 15 clerical workers, 20 technical staff and 15 managers. Despite operating in an increasingly competitive market Brunel has in recent years been successful in maintaining its market share. However changes in the business environment mean that this may be difficult to sustain. Car manufacturers, who are Brunel’ customers are themselves operating in an increasingly competitive and global market and are passing these pressures down to their suppliers. Order times are getting progressively shorter, contract prices lower and quality standards higher. Furthermore, decreasing transport costs mean that the manufacturers are prepared to look further afield for their parts, particularly to the newly opened up economies of Eastern Europe. In short, Brunel will have to run faster just to stand still.

 Achieving this might prove to be difficult. Brunel have a rather old fashioned small plant and have little available capital to fund a move to a purpose-built factory. Machinery and technological systems are functional, but hardly state of the art. There is little scope for acquiring raw materials more cheaply, and overheads are rising above the rate of inflation. The workforce are regarded as loyal and committed by the senior managers, who have no complaints about the hard work that everyone puts in. Essentially Brunel’s directors find it difficult to see where they can make significant improvements.

As a LSBU HR student, you were visiting the plant on another matter and suggested in passing that attention to people issues might be one way of adding value. Brunel’s directors were receptive to this idea in principle but were at a loss to see what they could do in practice. They were happy with their staff who were working hard towards company objectives. It was true that occasionally the company accepted orders that it was very difficult or impossible for the existing staff to deliver, but Brunel’s accepted that it wasn’t really the staffs ‘fault’. The chief executive, Andy Brunel, was fond of saying that he wouldn’t swap his workers for anyone else’s. Nevertheless, Brunel decided to employ two CIPD-qualified HR managers on a project basis to have a look at this aspect. The first, Caroline O’Kane, was asked to look at the issues relating to the way people worked that might hinder the ability of the company to ‘deliver’ in the new climate. The second, Oki Adeyemi, was simply asked to report on the existing HR policies, such as they were, that were operating in the plant.

O’Kane reported that the ability to process orders quickly was hindered by a lack of flexibility on the shop floor. Staff very rarely moved between press machines, finishing machines and assembly machines, even though the demand for each varied depending on the stage of the order. As a result, some people were under-worked while others were over-burdened. This slowed things down and affected quality. This was due to the fact that when people were recruited to a particular department they tended not to move, partly because they did not have the skills to move from one job to another, and partly because it simply wasn’t expected of them; besides which there was very little incentive to do so. These problems became particularly acute given the high level of absence, running at 9 per cent averaged across the company. O’Kane found that managers maintained fairly close control over their departments, taking responsibility for decision making themselves. There was very little staff involvement, which O’Kane found puzzling, as the people she spoke to on the shopfioor seemed to have pretty clear ideas about how things could be improved. A third problem was the rapid turnover of the key technical and managerial staff, which is running at 35-40 per cent. These skills are in short supply in the local market. Not only do Brunel’s struggle in competing for them they find it difficult to retain them — they are often poached by competitors offering better terms and conditions.

 

Adeyemi found that the approach to the management of people at Brunel was largely unsophisticated. Departmental managers looked after these issues in their own way for their own staff. There was no one on the board of directors with overall responsibility for HR. although there was a personnel officer at junior management level dealing mainly with recruitment and pay administration. Turning to specific areas of HR policy, she found, for example, that there was no form of incentive pay. Individual production bonuses had fallen out of favour in the 1970s and nothing had replaced them. Performance was managed only in the sense that people were disciplined when they fell short of the required standards. Brunel were, to be fair, eager to train their workforce and substantial budgets were allocated to departmental managers, and staff were regularly dispatched on training courses when something relevant came up. Adeyemi found that recruitment was often achieved by word of mouth, and where selection procedures were employed they tended to be based around an informal interview and references. Finally, she found that 25 per cent of employees were members of the Unite, which the company recognised. Relations with the union were fair, but the union did little more than collectively negotiate the annual pay rise and deal with discipline and grievance issues as they arose.

 

Assignment tasks (

Carry out a survey of Brunel in terms of its current strategy in relation to its external and competitive environment, commenting on what may restrain and assist any proposed changes to the organization.

 Identify three major HRM practices that could have an effect on the future success of Brunel and how these might be developed or changed.

 What specific recommendations would you make for these three practices and how they support one another to achieve success for Brunel?

 

The Case of Brunel Engine Components

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SOC203: Living Sociology Question (a) Read the articles below: 1. “Woman who made comments about race charged with public nuisance, acting against racial harmony”. (Channel News Asia, 18 June 2021). https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/tan-beow-hiong-video-race-chargedpublic-nuisance-15039146 cid=fbcna&fbclid=IwAR1kamAbOsIsNbaDcD9tv7uZDI6wgPyQrPBF9zloC0ia6UIXK-BaSyk0qA 2. “Police investigating viral video of woman banging a gong while the neighbor was performing prayer ritual”. (Today Online, 10 June 2021).

SOC203: Living Sociology

Question

(a) Read the articles below:

1. “Woman who made comments about race charged with public nuisance, acting against racial harmony”. (Channel News Asia, 18 June 2021).

https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/tan-beow-hiong-video-race-chargedpublic-nuisance-15039146 cid=fbcna&fbclid=IwAR1kamAbOsIsNbaDcD9tv7uZDI6wgPyQrPBF9zloC0ia6UIXK-BaSyk0qA

2. “Police investigating viral video of woman banging a gong while the neighbor was performing prayer ritual”. (Today Online, 10 June 2021).

https://www.todayonline.com/singapore/police-investigating-viral-video-woman-banginggong-while-neighbour-was-performing-prayer

3. “Woman seen without a mask in viral videos asks court for ‘immunity as a citizen’ due to ‘past SAF cases”. (Today Online, 15 June 2021).

https://www.todayonline.com/singapore/woman-seen-without-mask-viral-videos-asks-courtimmunity-citizen-due-past-saf-cases#mdcrecs_s

4. “Racial preferences cross the line into racism when overt and imposed on others, says Shanmugam”. (The Straits Times, 10 June 2021).

https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/politics/racial-preferences-cross-the-line-into-racismwhen-overt-and-imposed-on-others

The articles above show how various infringements have been made that seem to undermine Singapore’s multiracial, multicultural social fabric and social order; and the state’s response to these infringements. How would the sociological imagination help you make sense of the situations here and the state’s response to these? Given your knowledge of the various sociological perspectives, explain why some others may have differing views.

Your essay should apply relevant theories and concepts from the course. You can include insights from your broader understanding of the issue in Singapore. Further research may be needed to support your argument.

(N.B.: You are advised to write 750 words to adequately tackle part a, and 250 words for part b.)

(b) Some of the ‘offenders’ are made to undergo psychiatric assessment to assess for possible underlying reasons related to mental health that may have contributed to them making the infringements. How may the public feel about punishing someone whose actions may be due to certain mental health challenges? Using social research methods, explain and evaluate how a researcher can collect data about this aspect of the issue.

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SYS2067: Business Solutions Using Spreadsheet Models Tap Globe Business Report Case Two “Taps Galore” is a specialist online store, situated in Singapore and was recently established by owners Alex and Ash. It sells a limited range of tapware at discounted prices.

ISYS2067: Business Solutions Using Spreadsheet Models

Tap Globe Business Report

Case Two

“Taps Galore” is a specialist online store, situated in Singapore and was recently established by owners Alex and Ash.  It sells a limited range of tapware at discounted prices.

Alex and Ash currently stock a range of taps from eight manufacturers.  They advertise on social media and supply four different ranges – value, standard, supreme and superior.  They have calculated different discounts for each manufacturer based on the tap range.

They believe that customers buying ‘value’ items will be more focused on ‘discounts’ than customers who purchase more expensive tapware.  Alex and Ash buy the tapware at cost price and sell at recommended retail price less the advertised discount.  Alex and Ash charge a flat rate of $9.99 for delivery but have recently noticed that several of their competitors have begun to offer deals that include free delivery.

Alex and Ash conducted extensive market research before setting up the business.  Since their first sale in January 2018 they have recorded the details of all sales in an excel spreadsheet.  They have asked you to use the data provided in the spreadsheet to complete relevant calculations and to use Excel ‘tools’ to analyze the data provided.  They then require you to write a business report which analyses and discusses both the past profitability of the business and the various options available to help increase future profitability.

Alex and Ash are interested in both the popularity and profitability of different manufacturers and ranges. They hope you can provide some insight regarding, the type of tapware they should focus their efforts on. They also want to identify their best customers so that they can market to them appropriately. In addition, they want to have some ideas of potential growth in the coming months and the likely effect on the business if they offered free delivery for all purchases over $100.00.

A spreadsheet has been provided containing the data for “Taps Galore” sales for 2018 and 2019.

Evaluation Tasks

  • You are expected to undertake descriptive, predictive, and prescriptive analysis of the data that Alex and Ash have maintained over the past two years. The results of the analysis are then required to be presented in a professionally organized report with respect to the requirements of the owners above and some specific expectations as follows:
  • Provide an overview of gross profit trends, undertaking both descriptive and predictive analysis.
  • Discuss the results of your descriptive analysis and the options for future sales growth based on the requirements of Alex and Ash.
  • Identify and discuss the potential effects to the business if ‘Taps Galore’ offered free delivery for all purchases over $100.00.  Do you believe this is a good option? Why?
  • Make three recommendations with regards to future changes which might assist in further improving the profitability of the business. Briefly justify these recommendations (i.e. prescribe what should be done and why this would be helpful, drawing on your predictive and prescriptive analysis).
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HRM333 Performance Management Instructions Read the case study “Dovernet” (Simons & Kindred, 2017) Question 2 Develop the following tools for supervisors to evaluate competencies of product team managers at Dovernet: a) Behavioural rating scales for three competencies: leadership potential, mentoring skills, and team cohesion. Perform some desktop research to ensure that the competencies are appropriate to the case context. (20 marks)

HRM333 Performance Management

Instructions

Read the case study “Dovernet” (Simons & Kindred, 2017)

Question 2
Develop the following tools for supervisors to evaluate competencies of product team managers at Dovernet:

a) Behavioural rating scales for three competencies: leadership potential, mentoring skills, and team cohesion. Perform some desktop research to ensure that the competencies are appropriate to the case context. (20 marks)

b) A competencies development plan: Using course concepts, explain the reasoning behind this development plan. Provide ONE (1) example of a development plan for an employee described in the case study. (10 marks)

c) A set of goals that cover the three competencies (leadership potential, mentoring skills, and team cohesion): Using course concepts, develop a set of goals for an employee described in the case study. Explain the reasoning behind the goals you have set for the employee.

Dovernet

“Zynga’s Tough Culture Risks a Talent Drain,” by E. M. Rusli,

General managers submit weekly reports, measuring factors like traffic and customer satisfaction. Every quarter, teams assess their priorities under an Intel-pioneered system called “objectives and key results.” And Mr. Pincus, a professed data obsessive, devours all the reports, using multiple spreadsheets, to carefully track the progress of Zynga’s games and its roughly 3,000 employees.

But the heavy focus on metrics, in this already competitive industry, has also fostered an uncompromising culture, one where employees are constantly measured and game designers are pushed to meet aggressive deadlines.

Several former employees describe emotionally charged encounters, including loud outbursts from Mr. Pincus, threats from senior leaders, and moments when colleagues broke down into tears. For the top performers, the rewards are handsome. Zynga dispenses lavish gifts like vacations and $100,000 invested stock.

Those who do not perform can perish. While such a culture is not uncommon in the game industry, it can create problems. Employees at Electronic Arts and Activision Bli77ard have filed lawsuits against their employers, with claims of hostile work conditions and withheld compensation.

We’ve learned that when companies treat talent as a commodity, the consequences are severe,” said Ms. Toledano of Electronic Arts. “It takes years to repair a reputation.”

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B209: Management Accounting Adapted from AY2016 Sem1 B209 ESE Oven Fresh Pte Ltd (“Oven Fresh”) creates freshly baked cakes daily. The table below reports the budgeted information for 300 cakes for the month of July.

B209: Management Accounting

Adapted from AY2016 Sem1 B209 ESE

  • Oven Fresh Pte Ltd (“Oven Fresh”) creates freshly baked cakes daily.

The table below reports the budgeted information for 300 cakes for the month of July.

Budgeted Information:
Direct labor hours 900 hours
Direct labor hourly rate $12 / hour

Oven Fresh produced a total of 280 cakes in the month of Jul 2021.

Actual Information:
Direct labor hours incurred 920 hours
Total Direct labor cost $10,120

(a) Calculate the direct labor rate variance and state whether the variance is favorable or unfavorable. Show all your workings clearly.

(b) Calculate the direct labor efficiency variance and state whether the variance is favorable or unfavorable. Show all your workings clearly.

(c) Analyse the total direct labor variance and explain if Oven Fresh is doing well in controlling its labor cost.

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SCO103: New Empires: The Reach and Frontiers of the Tech Sector Do you agree that Facebook is a harmful monopoly and hence needs to be regulated by the State? Discuss and evaluate, with properly cited evidence, the responses of the PRC or US officials/politicians to your selected Facebook’s perceived monopolistic behavior. Explain, with properly cited evidence, the types of harmful behavior that monopolies have traditionally shown. Illustrate, with properly cited evidence, how your selected tech giant’s activities resemble or do not resemble the types of harmful behavior that monopolies have traditionally shown.

SCO103: New Empires: The Reach and Frontiers of the Tech Sector

Do you agree that Facebook is a harmful monopoly and hence needs to be regulated by the State?

Discuss and evaluate, with properly cited evidence, the responses of the PRC or US officials/politicians to your selected Facebook’s perceived monopolistic behavior.

Explain, with properly cited evidence, the types of harmful behavior that monopolies have traditionally shown.

Illustrate, with properly cited evidence, how your selected tech giant’s activities resemble or do not resemble the types of harmful behavior that monopolies have traditionally shown.

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HBC201: Research Methods for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Question Social media have been playing an important role in modern life in recent years. As such, there has been increasing interest in investigating the possible influence of social media usage on people’s emotional well-being in social and behavioral science research. In a recent study, Jiang and Ngien (2020) examined how individuals’ Instagram use might influence social anxiety via a survey study in Singapore.

HBC201: Research Methods for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Question

Social media have been playing an important role in modern life in recent years. As such, there has been increasing interest in investigating the possible influence of social media usage on people’s emotional well-being in social and behavioral science research.

In a recent study, Jiang and Ngien (2020) examined how individuals’ Instagram use might influence social anxiety via a survey study in Singapore. The researchers were particularly interested in how the effect of Instagram use on social anxiety might be mediated by social comparison and self-esteem. Read the following article for more information about the study (you can access the article via the SUSS library).

Jiang, S., & Ngien, A. (2020). The effects of Instagram use, social comparison, and self-esteem on social anxiety: A survey study in Singapore. Social Media + Society, 6(2), 1- 10.

https://doi.org.suss.remotexs.co/10.1177/2056305120912488

Analyze and critique the given study. Apply relevant concepts and information from course materials, the given article, and additional research to answer the following questions.

a) One of your friends said, “I know that social media usage can make people anxious based on my experiences. Conducting research on this topic is unnecessary.” Explain to your friend the importance of conducting research to understand the possible influence of individuals’ social media usage on their emotional well-being in Singapore.

b) Recognise and appreciate ethical issues with respect to the guidelines in the Belmont Report in the context of this study. Specifically, explain each ethical principle in the Belmont Report. For each ethical principle, discuss at least one action that the researchers should take accordingly to protect the research participants in this study.

c) Examine at least TWO possible reasons why the researchers chose to use quantitative methods in this study. Suppose the researchers would like to conduct a follow-up study. Examine at least TWO advantages of using qualitative methods in this follow-up study in Singapore to investigate how individuals’ Instagram use may influence their emotional well-being.

d) Explain internal validity in the context of this study and propose one change that can be made in research design to strengthen the internal validity of this study. Also, explain external validity in the context of this study and propose one change that can be made in research design to strengthen the external validity of this study

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