The various leadership theories can be categorized into six basic approaches, many of which are applicable to leadership studies today. Chapter 1 explains great man theories, trait theories, behavior theories, contingency theories, influence theories, and relational theories. Select two different leadership theories, briefly explain them, and evaluate their theoretical approaches to leadership effectiveness in organizations.
1. The Great Man Hypothesis
According to the Great Man Theory (or, maybe, the Great Person Theory), leaders are born with the necessary qualities and talents to lead – charisma, intellect, confidence, communication skills, and social skills.
According to the belief, the ability to lead is innate, and the finest leaders are born rather than produced. Leaders are defined as brave, mythological, and destined to rise to leadership when the occasion calls for it. The title “Great Man” was coined at the time because male authority, particularly in military leadership, was reserved for men.
2. Characteristics Theory
The Trait Theory and the Great Man Theory are quite similar. It is based on the traits of several leaders, both successful and failed. The hypothesis predicts effective leadership. Typically, the discovered attributes are compared to those of potential leaders in order to estimate their likelihood of effective leadership.
3. The Theory of Contingencies
The Contingency Theory highlights several variables in a given environment that define the optimum style of leadership for the scenario. It is based on the premise that no single leadership style is appropriate for all situations.
4. Situational Analysis
The Situational Theory, like the Contingency Theory, posits that no single leadership style is superior to others. As the name implies, the hypothesis